In the fight to reduce the spread of coronavirus, contact tracing has become a hot topic. It’s a crucial tool that public health officials will use to closely monitor who is infected, and help contain the spread of CORONAVIRUS disease. The purpose of contact tracing is easy and straightforward: to capture a history of individuals that have come within close range of an infected person, and use that information to isolate exposed people in order that they don’t transmit the disease to others.
All over the globe, public health organizations are building sophisticated tracing services designed to warn individuals if they’ve recently come in contact with someone who’s tested positive for the coronavirus. Many of those tools are built upon your phone’s Bluetooth technology.
For example, Apple and Google announced they’re teaming up to make it easier for these health organizations to roll out their broad-range contact tracing. But contact tracing also raises a darker issue — concerns over privacy and security.
Here’s what to understand contact tracing and the way it’ll be employed in the US and round the world to combat the spread of coronavirus.
What is Contact Tracing?
Contact tracing could be a long-accepted tool employed by public health officials to spot individuals who may have come in close contact with someone who’s tested positive for any disease — not just COVID-19.
Done the old school way, health officials interview an infected person to make a listing of everyone the person in question has seen or spoken to, and where they have been while contagious. The officials then reach bent everyone on the list to inform them they have been exposed, what steps to require if they need symptoms and the way to not infect others.
To combat the spread of coronavirus pandemic, our phones have the potential to try to do this tedious contact-tracing framework for us, and keep a running list of other phones that come within Bluetooth-tracking range, but six feet away from you.
If an individual becomes infected, health officials can notify those they came in close proximity with while contagious with advice on the way to monitor symptoms, take care of themselves and prevent the spread of the virus.
Advantages of Using Smartphones for Contact Tracing
Taking a written history is laborious and time-consuming. Using the Bluetooth technology already found in your smartphone allows for a way faster response rate. Here’s how it’ll work: A phone will use a public-health app in tandem with Bluetooth to broadcast to nearby phones a novel identifier and listen for unique identifiers from other phones with the health app installed.
For a clear example, after we pass one another within the store, my phone’s identifier may be 123456, while yours may be 654321. Each phone will keep a rolling 14-day list of other phones it has been near. employing a code prevents someone from gaming the system to report a false infection. to make sure the system isn’t alerting you about inconsequential contacts — like someone driving by in a car — your phone will only record unique identifiers that are within a close range of you for a particular period of your time, like 10 or 15 minutes.
Then, if someone tests positive, the doctor or lab that administered the test provides a code to enter into the general public health app. That code triggers the app to upload to a public health server the person’s unique identifier. The server then alerts everyone who’s been within some feet of the infected individual that they have to self-isolate at the very least, or perhaps get tested for the coronavirus themselves.
Isolating individuals who may have acquired the virus is very important because many are asymptomatic but can still transmit the disease to others, who can then develop life-threatening symptoms and even die.
How Apple and Google are teaming up
Using our smartphones for contact tracing are going to be handiest if a broad majority folks participate. University estimates that 60% of a population has to use smartphones for tracing to prevent a plague, although lower adoption numbers will slow the spread.
Between the two companies, Apple and Google have nearly 100% of the worldwide movable market — which might potentially offer the broadest platform for digital contact tracing. thanks to that, the two tech giants said they’re going to work together to make Bluetooth-based contact tracing into their phones and help public health agencies tap into those capabilities to make their own contact-tracing apps.
Apple and Google won’t build the apps. Instead, they’ll provide the tools that allow the health agencies build apps that into the shared foundation across iPhone and Android. the two companies said they expect to own the primary tools ready for health agencies in May and conceive to expand the tools over the approaching months to permit for broader participation.
Contact Tracing is already used round the world
Countries including the united kingdom, Singapore, Australia and across Europe have either already built contact-tracing apps or have them within the works.
Israel unrolled an analogous monitoring system in March and said the mandatory system would be in use for 30 days.
Apple and Google said they’re building in safeguards to protect privacy. Contact logs stored on the phone won’t contain personally identifying information: If you’re notified, you’ll know you’ve been in contact with someone sick, but you won’t know who. And to prevent you from being tracked by location, the randomly generated unique identifier your phone broadcasts will change every 15 minutes. The service will be available only to public health officials.
Both companies have said they’ll shut down the service once the pandemic ends. Apple and Google, along with public health officials, hope that is enough to convince a skeptical population to widely install and use contact-tracing apps.
Contact-tracing apps are one way to keep tabs on the coronavirus’s patterns and movements before we get a viable vaccine.